Leisure-time physical activity and sports in the Brazilian population: A social disparity analysis


Autoři: Margareth Guimarães Lima aff001;  Deborah Carvalho Malta aff002;  Camila Nascimento Monteiro aff003;  Neuciani Ferreira da Silva Sousa aff005;  Sheila Rizzato Stopa aff006;  Lhaís de Paula Barbosa Medina aff001;  Marilisa Berti de Azevedo Barros aff001
Působiště autorů: School of Medical Sciences, State University of Campinas, Campinas, SP, Brazil aff001;  School of Nursing, Federal University of Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil aff002;  Núcleo de Indicadores e Sistemas de Informação, Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein, São Paulo, SP, Brazil aff003;  Department of Preventive Medicine, Medicine School, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brazil aff004;  Institute of Collective Health, Federal University of Mato Grosso, Cuiabá, MT, Brazil aff005;  Department of Health Analysis and Noncommunicable Diseases Surveillance, Health Surveillance Secretariat, Ministry of Health, Brasília, DF, Brazil aff006
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 14(12)
Kategorie: Research Article
prolekare.web.journal.doi_sk: 10.1371/journal.pone.0225940

Souhrn

Objectives

To estimate the prevalence of leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) or sports in the Brazilian population according to demographic and income variables.

Methods

Data from 60,202 Brazilian individuals (18 years and over) were analyzed, belonging to the National Health Survey 2013 sample. The prevalence of different modalities of LTPA and sports was estimated according to age, sex, skin color and income. The adjusted prevalence ratios were estimated by Poisson regression.

Results

Of every thousand Brazilians, 695 do not practice LTPA or sports. Walking is the most practiced LTPA (98/1000), followed by soccer (68/1000) and weight training (45/1000). For poor and black men, the most frequent LTPA was soccer, and, for women, gymnastics and walking. The prevalence of weight training and gymnastics was higher for white people compared with black people. All LTPA practices were more prevalent in individuals with higher income, except for soccer. Running on a treadmill and weight training had, respectively, 24.7 and 6.4 times higher prevalence in the richer quartile.

Conclusions

The study allowed identifying the type of LTPA and sport reported as the most frequent by the Brazilian population according to age, sex, skin color, and income, detecting strong social disparities in these practices.

Klíčová slova:

Brazil – Elderly – Exercise – Physical activity – Running – Sports – Strength training – Swimming


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