Prediction of poor outcome after hypoxic-ischemic brain injury by diffusion-weighted imaging: A systematic review and meta-analysis


Autoři: Ruili Wei aff001;  Chaonan Wang aff002;  Fangping He aff001;  Lirong Hong aff003;  Jie Zhang aff004;  Wangxiao Bao aff001;  Fangxia Meng aff001;  Benyan Luo aff001
Působiště autorů: Department of Neurology, Brain Medical Centre, First Affiliated Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, Hangzhou, China aff001;  Department of Geriatrics, Shulan (Hangzhou) Hospital, Hangzhou, China aff002;  Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Zhejiang Provincial People's Hospital, People's Hospital of Hangzhou Medical College, Hangzhou, China aff003;  Department of Rehabilitation, Hangzhou Hospital of Zhejiang CAPR, Hangzhou, China aff004
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 14(12)
Kategorie: Research Article
prolekare.web.journal.doi_sk: 10.1371/journal.pone.0226295

Souhrn

Accurate prediction of the neurological outcome following hypoxic–ischemic brain injury (HIBI) remains difficult. Diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) can detect acute and subacute brain abnormalities following global cerebral hypoxia. Therefore, DWI can be used to predict the outcomes of HIBI. To this end, we searched the PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane Library databases for studies that examine the diagnostic accuracy of DWI in predicting HIBI outcomes in adult patients between January1995 and September 2019. Next, we conducted a comprehensive meta-analysis using the Meta-DiSc and several complementary techniques. Following the application of inclusion and exclusion criteria, a total of 28 studies were included with 98 data subsets. The overall sensitivity and specificity, with 95% confidence interval, were 0.613(0.599–0.628) and 0.958(0.947–0.967), respectively, and the area under the curve was 0.9090. Significant heterogeneity among the included studies and a threshold effect were observed (p<0.001). Different positive indices were the major sources for the heterogeneity, followed by the anatomical region examined, both of which significantly affected the prognostic accuracy. In conclusion, we demonstrated that DWI can be an instrumental modality in predicting the outcome of HIBI with good prognostic accuracy. However, the lack of clear and generally accepted positive indices limits its clinical application. Therefore, using more reliable positive indices and combining DWI with other clinical predictors may improve the diagnostic accuracy of HIBI.

Klíčová slova:

Brain damage – Brainstem – Cardiac arrest – Diffusion weighted imaging – Hypothermia – Magnetic resonance imaging – Neuroimaging


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