Shifting perceptions of female genital cutting in a Swedish migration context


Autoři: Anna Wahlberg aff001;  Sara Johnsdotter aff002;  Katarina Ekholm Selling aff001;  Birgitta Essén aff001
Působiště autorů: Department of Women’s and Children’s Health, International Maternal and Child Health, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden aff001;  Faculty of Health and Society, Malmö University, Malmö, Sweden aff002
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 14(12)
Kategorie: Research Article
prolekare.web.journal.doi_sk: 10.1371/journal.pone.0225629

Souhrn

Background

The aim of this paper was to investigate correlations between Somali Swedish own attitudes towards female genital cutting (FGC) and their perceptions about other Swedish Somalis attitudes.

Methods

In 2015, a cross-sectional study was conducted in four Swedish municipalities with 648 Somali men and women. To assess the level of agreement between the participants’ approval of FGC and their perceptions about approval among other Swedish Somalis, Bangdiwala’s B-statistic and Welch’s t-test were used.

Results

We found a substantial agreement between an individual’s own approval of FGC and their perceived approval of FGC among most other Swedish Somali men (B-statistic = 0.85) and women (B-statistic = 0.76). However, we also found a tendency for participants to report that other Swedish Somalis–and especially other Swedish Somali women–approved of FGC, while they themselves did not. Perceived percentage of Somali girls being circumcised in Sweden was significantly higher among Swedish Somalis who said they wanted tissue to be removed on their own daughter (mean 23%, 95% CI: 18.3–27.9) compared to those who said they opposed removal of tissue on their own daughter (mean 8%, 95% CI: 6.4–9.1). The majority of Swedish Somali men (92%) stated a preference to marry someone without FGC or with pricking, which was also the view of most of the Swedish Somali women (90%).

Conclusions

Swedish Somalis motivation to continue or discontinue with the practice of FGC may be influenced by perceptions of what other Swedish Somalis prefer. How FGC is being portrayed, in for example media reports, could therefore have an impact on attitudes towards FGC.

Klíčová slova:

Cross-sectional studies – Female genital mutilation – Psychological attitudes – Schools – Social theory – Somalian people – Sweden – Swedish people


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PLOS One


2019 Číslo 12