Gaze direction reveals implicit item and source memory in older adults

Autoři: Inés Antón-Méndez aff001;  Andrew Talk aff002;  Simone Johnston aff002
Působiště autorů: Discipline of Linguistics, School of Humanities, Arts and Social Sciences, University of New England, Armidale, Australia aff001;  School of Psychology, University of New England, Armidale, Australia aff002
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 14(12)
Kategorie: Research Article
prolekare.web.journal.doi_sk: 10.1371/journal.pone.0226018


This study looked at eye movements in relation to source memory in older adults. Participants first studied images of common objects appearing in different quadrants of a screen. After a delay, they were shown cues one at a time presented in all four quadrants. Participants stated whether or not the cue had been seen before and in which location. Participants also rated level of confidence in their responses. In trials where participants either claimed they have not seen a previously presented cue or placed it in an incorrect location, they looked significantly more at the correct quadrant. The proportion of time looking at the correct quadrants during incorrect responses was not related to confidence ratings. These results suggest that eye gaze during the memory task does not reflect memory retrieval below the threshold of verbal report. They instead point to an implicit form of source memory in humans that is accessible to eye movements but not to verbal responses.

Klíčová slova:

Attention – Elderly – Eye movements – Eyes – Memory – Memory recall – Sensory cues – Word recognition


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2019 Číslo 12