Personality traits and risky behavior among motorcyclists: An exploratory study


Autoři: Daniel Luiz Romero aff001;  Daniel Martins de Barros aff002;  Gabriel Okawa Belizario aff002;  Antonio de Pádua Serafim aff001
Působiště autorů: Department of Psychology, Methodist University of São Paulo, São Bernardo do Campo, Brazil aff001;  Department and Institute of Psychiatry, University of São Paulo School of Medicine, São Paulo, Brazil aff002
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 14(12)
Kategorie: Research Article
prolekare.web.journal.doi_sk: 10.1371/journal.pone.0225949

Souhrn

Background

Personality traits have been associated with a series of dysfunctional behaviors, ranging from violence to drug abuse and other risky behaviors. However, few studies have investigated motorcycle riders’ personality traits, and no research using the psychobiological model of personality was found. Thus, we investigated the association between temperament and character traits and the occurrence of Motorcycle Accidents (MAs).

Methods

This cross-sectional study was conducted with a randomly selected of 153 Brazilian motorcycle riders (116 male and 37 female) with a mean age of 31.8randomly selected from the driver’s license register, between 2015 and 2018. A sociodemographic questionnaire and the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) were used.

Results

Of the 153 participants, 146 (95.4%) reported having been involved in previous accidents, with the main causes as follows: “other drivers’ careless behavior” (34.9%); “personal disrespect of traffic rules” (18.5%) and “personal careless behavior” (20.6%). Motorcyclists exhibited higher scores for the temperament factors of novelty seeking and persistence and lower scores for harm avoidance and reward dependence in comparison to the Brazilian population). Considering the reason for motorcycle use, the group of riders that used their motorcycles for work exhibited more temperament factors associated with risk behaviors than those who did not. It was observed that 68.9% of them had low Harm Avoidance (HA) factor scores, whereas 72.1% had high Novelty Seeking (NS) factor scores.

Discussion

The present study highlighted the influences of different personality traits on behaviors, decision-making and risk attitudes that can be potentially harmful to an individual and others. The results provided evidence that a lack of knowledge and experience in riding a motorcycle or any other vehicle, combined with personality traits, contribute to the adoption of risky behaviors that may act as triggers for most causes of Motorcycle Accidents.

Klíčová slova:

Animal behavior – Behavior – Brazil – Chi square tests – Impulsivity – Personality – Personality disorders – Personality traits


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