Influence of Debaryomyces hansenii on bacterial lactase gene diversity in intestinal mucosa of mice with antibiotic-associated diarrhea


Autoři: Yunshan He aff001;  Yuan Tang aff001;  Maijiao Peng aff001;  Guozhen Xie aff001;  Wenge Li aff002;  Zhoujin Tan aff001
Působiště autorů: Hunan University of Chinese Medicine, Changsha, Hunan Province, China aff001;  Hunan Institute of Nuclear Agricultural Sciences and Space-induced Breeding, Changsha, Hunan province, China aff002
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 14(12)
Kategorie: Research Article
prolekare.web.journal.doi_sk: 10.1371/journal.pone.0225802

Souhrn

Aim

The current study aimed to investigate the effects of Debaryomyces hansenii on the diversity of bacterial lactase gene in the intestinal mucosa of antibiotic-associated diarrhea (AAD) mice.

Methods

Eighteen mice were randomly divided into three groups (6 mice per group): healthy control group, diarrhea model group and D. hansenii treatment group. The antibiotic-associated diarrhea model was established by intragastric administration with a mixture of cephradine and gentamicin sulfate (23.33 mL·kg-1·d-1) twice a day for 5 days continuously. After establishing the AAD model, the mice in the D. hansenii treatment group were gavaged with D. hansenii for three days, while other groups were gavaged with distilled water. Then, the intestinal mucosa of all three groups was collected and DNA was extracted in an aseptic environment for the following analysis.

Results

The difference in the richness and homogeneity of the bacterial lactase gene among all samples were inapparent, as the difference in the Chao1, ACE, Simpson and Shannon indices among the three groups were insignificant (P>0.05). NMDS analysis also showed that the distance of the samples among the three groups was unobvious. Furthermore, the bacterial lactase gene in the mucosa mainly originated from Actinobacteria, Firmicutes and Proteobacteria. Compared with the healthy control group, the abundance of lactase genes originating from Cupriavidus, Lysobacter, Citrobacter, Enterobacter and Pseudomonas was increased in the D. hansenii treatment group, while the lactase gene from Acidovorax and Stenotrophomonas decreased (p < 0.01 or p < 0.05) in the diarrhea model group and the D. hansenii treatment group.

Conclusion

D. hansenii was capable of improving the growth of some key lactase-producing bacteria like Deinococcus, Cupriavidus and Lysobacter for treating AAD.

Klíčová slova:

Actinobacteria – Antibiotics – Bacteria – Diarrhea – DNA extraction – Gastrointestinal tract – Shannon index – Simpson index


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