1. Warburton DE, Nicol CW, Bredin SS. Health benefits of physical activity: the evidence. CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association journal, 2006; 174(6): 801–809. doi: 10.1503/cmaj.051351 16534088.
2. Lin YC, Fung XC, Tsai MC, Strong C, Hsieh YP, Lin CY. Insufficient Physical Activity and Overweight: Does Caregiver Screen-Viewing Matter?. Journal of Child and Family Studies. 2019;28(1):286–97. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10826-018-1247-5
3. Ou HT, Su CT, Luh WM, Lin CY. Knowing is half the battle: The association between leisure-time physical activity and quality of life among four groups with different self-perceived health status in Taiwan. Applied Research in Quality of Life. 2017;12(4):799–812. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11482-016-9488-1
4. Lin CY, Su CT, Ma HI. Physical activity patterns and quality of life of overweight boys: a preliminary study. Hong Kong Journal of Occupational Therapy. 2012;22(1):31–7. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.hkjot.2012.06.001
5. World Health Organization. Steps to health: A European framework to promote physical activity for health. WHO Regional Office for Europe: Copenhagen. 2007.
6. World Health Organization. Physical activity and adults: Recommended levels of physical activity for adults aged 18–64 years. Retrieved February 27, 2019. http://www.who.int/dietphysicalactivity/factsheet_adults/en/.
7. Hallal PC, Andersen LB, Bull FC, Guthold R, Haskell W, Ekelund U, Lancet Physical Activity Series Working Group. Global physical activity levels: surveillance progress, pitfalls, and prospects. The Lancet. 2012; 380(9838): 247–257. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(12)60646-1 22818937.
8. Kahlert D. Maintenance of physical activity: Do we know what we are talking about?. Preventive Medicine Reports. 2015; 2: 178–180. doi: 10.1016/j.pmedr.2015.02.013 26844069.
9. Fuchs R. Psychology’s contribution to the promotion of physical activity. Psychology of Sport and Exercise: Enhancing the Quality of Life. 1999: 20–28.
10. Duan YP. Stage models of physical activity behavior and their application to Chinese adults [doctoral dissertation]. Bayreuth: Bayreuth University Press. 2006. Germany.
11. Smith L, Sawyer A, Gardner B, Seppala K, Ucci M, Marmot A., et al. Occupational physical activity habits of UK office workers: cross-sectional data from the active buildings study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2018; 15(6): 1214. doi: 10.3390/ijerph15061214 29890726.
12. Clemes SA., O’Connell SE., Edwardson CL (2014). Office workers’ objectively measured sedentary behavior and physical activity during and outside work hours. Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine. 2014; 56(3): 298–303. doi: 10.1097/JOM.0000000000000101 24603203
13. Biernat E, Tomaszewski P, Milde K. Physical activity of office workers. Biology of Sport. 2010; 27(4): 289–296.
14. Lindberg CM., Srinivasan K, Gilligan B, Razjouyan J, Lee H, Najafi B, et al. Effects of office workstation type on physical activity and stress. Occupational and Environmental Medicine. 2018; 75(10): 689–695. doi: 10.1136/oemed-2018-105077 30126872.
15. Collins JD., O'Sullivan LW. Musculoskeletal disorder prevalence and psychosocial risk exposures by age and gender in a cohort of office based employees in two academic institutions. International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics. 2015; 46: 85–97. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ergon.2014.12.013.
16. Shang B, Duan Y, Huang WY, Brehm W. Fluctuation–a common but neglected pattern of physical activity behaviour: An exploratory review of studies in recent 20 years. European Journal of Sport Science. 2018; 18(2): 266–278. doi: 10.1080/17461391.2017.1417486 29334317.
17. Duan Y, Brehm W, Strobl H, Tittlbach S, Huang Z, Si G. Steps to and correlates of health-enhancing physical activity in adulthood: An intercultural study between German and Chinese individuals. Journal of Exercise Science & Fitness. 2013; 11(2): 63–77. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jesf.2013.07.001
18. Lippke S, Ziegelmann JP. Understanding and modeling health behaviour: the multi-stage model of health behaviour change. Journal of Health Psychology. 2006; 11(1): 37–50. doi: 10.1177/1359105306058845 16314379.
19. Strobl H, Duan Y, Tittlbach S, Brehm W. Relationships among psychosocial correlates and stages of change in a German-Chinese sample. Heath. 2016; 8(4): 353–362. https://doi.org/10.4236/health.2016.84037.
20. Duan YP, Brehm W, Wagner P, Chung PK, Graf S, Zhang R, et al. Transition to adulthood: relationships among psychosocial correlates, stages of change for physical activity, and health outcomes in a cross-cultural sample. Journal of Physical Activity & Health. 2015; 12(11): 1461–1468. doi: 10.1123/jpah.2014-0389 25635419.
21. Meyer JP, Morin AJ. A person‐centered approach to commitment research: theory, research, and methodology. Journal of Organizational Behavior. 2016; 37(4): 584–612. https://doi.org/10.1002/job.2085.
22. Marsh HW, Lüdtke O, Trautwein U, Morin AJ. Classical latent profile analysis of academic self-concept dimensions: Synergy of person-and variable-centered approaches to theoretical models of self-concept. Structural Equation Modeling: A Multidisciplinary Journal. 2009; 16(2): 191–225. https://doi.org/10.1080/10705510902751010.
23. Pastor DA, Barron KE, Miller BJ, Davis SL. A latent profile analysis of college students’ achievement goal orientation. Contemporary Educational Psychology. 2007; 32(1): 8–47. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cedpsych.2006.10.003.
24. Gerber M, Jonsdottir IH, Lindwall M, Ahlborg G Jr. Physical activity in employees with differing occupational stress and mental health profiles: A latent profile analysis. Psychology of Sport and Exercise. 2014; 15(6): 649–658. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychsport.2014.07.012.
25. Kurka JM, Adams MA, Todd M, Colburn T, Sallis JF, Cain KL, et al. Patterns of neighborhood environment attributes in relation to children's physical activity. Health & Place. 2015; 34: 164–170. doi: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2015.05.006 26057609.
26. Richert J, Schüz N, Schüz B. Stages of health behavior change and mindsets: A latent class approach. Health Psychology. 2013; 32(3):273. doi: 10.1037/a0028915 22708517.
27. Schwarzer R. Modeling health behavior change: How to predict and modify the adoption and maintenance of health behaviors. Applied Psychology. 2008; 57(1): 1–29. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1464-0597.2007.00325.x.
28. Schwarzer R, Lippke S, Luszczynska A. Mechanisms of health behavior change in persons with chronic illness or disability: the Health Action Process Approach (HAPA). Rehabilitation Psychology. 2011. 56(3): 161. doi: 10.1037/a0024509 21767036.
29. Ekkekakis P, Hargreaves EA, Parfitt G. Invited Guest Editorial: Envisioning the next fifty years of research on the exercise–affect relationship. Psychology of Sport and Exercise. 2013; 14(5): 751–758. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychsport.2013.04.007.
30. Cheng OY, Yam CL, Cheung NS, Lee PL, Ngai MC, Lin CY. Extended Theory of Planned Behavior on eating and physical activity. American journal of health behavior. 2019;43(3):569–81. doi: 10.5993/AJHB.43.3.11 31046887
31. Lam TH, Chan B, Ho SY, Chan W.M. Stage of change for general health promotion action and health-related lifestyle practices in Chinese adults. Preventive Medicine. 2004; 38: 302–308. doi: 10.1016/j.ypmed.2003.10.005 14766112.
32. Chen D, Cheng CY, Urpelainen J. Support for renewable energy in China: A survey experiment with internet users. Journal of Cleaner Production. 2016; 112: 3750–3758. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2015.08.109.
33. Duan YP, Lippke S, Zhang R, Brehm W, Chung PK. Testing the validity of a stage assessment on health enhancing physical activity in a Chinese university student sample. BMC Public Health. 2016; 16(1): 260–269. doi: 10.1186/s12889-016-2931-2 27112721.
34. Godin G, Shephard RJ. A simple method to assess exercise behavior in the community. Canadian Journal of Applied Sport Sciences. 1985; 10(3): 141–146. 4053261.
35. Li L, Lu. The study of validity and reliability of four simple self-reported questionnaire on physical activity—using RT3 tri-axial accelerometer as criterion. Journal of Public Health and Education. 2002;17(17): 1–14. (In Chinese)
36. Godin G. The Godin-Shephard leisure-time physical activity questionnaire. The Health & Fitness Journal of Canada. 2011; 4(1): 18–22.
37. Amireault S, Godin G, Lacombe J, Sabiston CM. Validation of the Godin-Shephard Leisure-Time Physical Activity Questionnaire classification coding system using accelerometer assessment among breast cancer survivors. Journal of Cancer Survivorship. 2015; 9(3): 532–540. doi: 10.1007/s11764-015-0430-6 25666749.
38. Duan YP, Huang ZJ, Si GY, Wei XN, Brehm W. Physical activity as health behavior: The FIT Model application handbook. Bayreuther Beiträge zur Sport wissenschaft. Bayreuth Contributions to Sport. 2010; 13:1436–8064. (In Chinese)
39. Duan YP, Wienert J, Hu C, Si GY, Lippke S. Web-based intervention for physical activity and fruit and vegetable intake among Chinese university students: A randomized controlled trial. Journal of Medical Internet Research. 2017; 19(4): e106–120. doi: 10.2196/jmir.7152 28396306.
40. Muthén LK, Muthén BO. MPlus: Statistical Analysis with Latent Variables—User's Guide. 2012
41. Peugh J, Fan X. Modeling unobserved heterogeneity using latent profile analysis: A Monte Carlo simulation. Structural Equation Modeling. 2013; 20: 616–639. https://doi.org/10.1080/10705511.2013.824780.
42. Hipp JR, Bauer DJ. Local solutions in the estimation of growth mixture models. Psychological Methods. 2006; 11: 36–53. doi: 10.1037/1082-989X.11.1.36 16594766.
43. Tein JY, Coxe S, Cham H. Statistical power to detect the correct number of classes in latent profile analysis. Structural Equation Modeling: A Multidisciplinary Journal. 2013; 20: 640–657. doi: 10.1080/10705511.2013.824781 24489457.
44. Asparouhov T, Muthén B. Auxiliary variables in mixture modeling: Using the BCH method in Mplus to estimate a distal outcome model and an arbitrary secondary model. Mplus Web Notes. 2014; 21(2): 1–22.
45. Morin AJS, Marsh HW. Disentangling shape from level effects in person-centered analyses: An illustration based on university teachers' multidimensional profiles of effectiveness. Structural Equation Modeling. 2015; 22: 39–59. https://doi.org/10.1080/10705511.2014.919825.
46. Asparouhov T, Muthén B. Auxiliary variables in mixture modeling: Three-step approaches using M plus. Structural Equation Modeling: A Multidisciplinary Journal. 2014; 21(3): 329–341. https://doi.org/10.1080/10705511.2014.915181.
47. Wilson PM, Rodgers WM, Carpenter PJ, Hall C, Hardy J, Fraser SN. The relationship between commitment and exercise behavior. Psychology of Sport and Exercise. 2004; 5(4): 405–421. https://doi.org/10.1016/s1469-0292(03)00035-9.
48. Gabriele JM, Gill DL, Adams CE. The roles of want to commitment and have to commitment in explaining physical activity behavior. Journal of Physical Activity and Health. 2011; 8(3): 420–428. doi: 10.1123/jpah.8.3.420 21487142.
49. Larimer ME, Palmer RS. Relapse prevention: An overview of Marlatt's cognitive-behavioral model. Alcohol Research and Health. 1999; 23(2): 151–160. 10890810.
50. Lovell G, El Ansari W, Parker JK. Perceived exercise benefits and barriers of non-exercising female university students in the United Kingdom. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2010; 7(3): 784–798. doi: 10.3390/ijerph7030784 20617003.
51. Sampasa-Kanyinga H, Hamilton HA, Willmore J, Chaput JP. Perceptions and attitudes about body weight and adherence to the physical activity recommendation among adolescents: the moderating role of body mass index. Public Health. 2017; 146: 75–83. doi: 10.1016/j.puhe.2017.01.002 28404477.
52. Vartanian LR, Pinkus RT, Smyth JM. Experiences of weight stigma in everyday life: Implications for health motivation. Stigma and Health. 2018; 3(2): 85–92. https://doi.org/10.1037/sah0000077.
53. Parks SE, Housemann RA, Brownson RC. Differential correlates of physical activity in urban and rural adults of various socioeconomic backgrounds in the United States. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health; 2003; 57(1): 29–35. doi: 10.1136/jech.57.1.29 12490645.
54. Biddle SJ, Fuchs R. Exercise psychology: A view from Europe. Psychology of Sport and Exercise. 2009; 10(4): 410–419. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychsport.2009.02.011.