Psychosocial profiles of physical activity fluctuation in office employees: A latent profile analysis


Autoři: Yanping Duan aff001;  Borui Shang aff002;  Wei Liang aff001;  Min Yang aff003;  Walter Brehm aff004
Působiště autorů: Department of Sport and Physical Education, Hong Kong Baptist University, Hong Kong, China aff001;  Department of Kinesiology, Hebei Sport University, Shijiazhuang, China aff002;  Graduate School, Wuhan Sports University, Wuhan, China aff003;  Institute of Sports Science, University of Bayreuth, Bayreuth, Germany aff004
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 15(1)
Kategorie: Research Article
prolekare.web.journal.doi_sk: 10.1371/journal.pone.0227182

Souhrn

Objectives

Fluctuation is a common but neglected phenomenon of physical activity (PA) behavior. This study aimed to explore the psychosocial profiles of PA fluctuation in office employees, and to examine the association of latent profiles with demographics and PA level.

Method

434 Chinese office employees who were identified as PA fluctuators (M = 32.4 years, SD = 6.9, 55.5% female) completed a cross-sectional online survey covering demographics, PA behavior, and six psychosocial indicators (self-efficacy, planning, action control, affective attitude, social support, and perceived barriers). Latent profile analysis was used to determine PA fluctuators’ psychosocial profiles. Associated factors of profile membership were identified with multinomial logistic regression.

Results

The two-profile model (uncommitted vs. moderately committed) was selected as the best solution. The moderately committed group (n = 346, 79.7%) possessed a more active mindset by reporting significantly higher scores of self-efficacy (t = 9.42 p < .001), planning (t = 16.33 p < .001), action control (t = 14.55 p < .001), affective attitude (t = 13.33 p < .001), and social support (t = 11.50 p < .001) compared with the uncommitted group (n = 88, 20.3%). Results from a multinomial logistic regression showed that the moderately committed profile was associated with normal weight status (OR = 2.00, p< .05), having a medium managerial position (OR = 2.54, p< .01), and high level of moderate to vigorous PA behavior (OR = 4.85, p< .001).

Conclusions

These findings demonstrate the variability of PA fluctuators’ mindsets. Future tailored interventions are recommended to promote PA behavior for this population based on the categorization from the present study.

Klíčová slova:

Behavior – Bioenergetics – Body mass index – Employment – Global health – Physical activity – Psychological and psychosocial issues – Surveys


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