Regional versus local wind speed and direction at a narrow beach with a high and steep foredune

Autoři: Winnie de Winter aff001;  Jasper Donker aff001;  Geert Sterk aff001;  Job van Beem aff001;  Gerben Ruessink aff001
Působiště autorů: Department of Physical Geography, Faculty of Geosciences, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands aff001
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 15(1)
Kategorie: Research Article


Dune growth and post-storm recovery of foredune systems is predominantly determined by the aeolian sand transport through the beach-dune interface. Potential sand transport rates, estimated with empirical transport equations using regionally representative wind conditions, are generally too high. This positive bias might be, at least partly, due to the effect of the beach and foredune topography on the regional airflow. Here, we investigate the relation between local (on the beach) and regional wind velocities and direction in front of the high (∼22 m) and steep (∼1:2.5) foredune partially vegetated with Marram grass at Egmond aan Zee, The Netherlands based on a dataset with a large variety in wind speeds spanning over all onshore wind directions. We observed that local 10-minute averaged wind speed and direction can differ from the regional wind conditions (here measured 15 km away from the study site) depending on the regional approach angle of the wind. The ratio of local over regional wind speed is smallest (∼0.39) when the wind direction is dune-normal. This ratio increases with increasing obliquity towards almost 1 for alongshore winds. Wind steering only happens at the dune foot and is the largest (∼13°) with oblique approaching winds of 40° from the dune normal. Perpendicular and nearly alongshore winds do not show any steering near the dune foot. The use of local rather than regional wind conditions in a potential transport equation reduces the predicted annual supply from 86 to 32 m3/m/y, substantially closer to the measured deposition of 15 m3/m/y. The drop in velocity was more important to the reduction in predicted supply than the alongshore steering.

Klíčová slova:

Embryos – Velocity – Netherlands – Wind – Feet – Beaches – Steering – Weather stations


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