Concurrent lipidomics and proteomics on malignant plasma cells from multiple myeloma patients: Probing the lipid metabolome


Autoři: Ahmed Mohamed aff001;  Joel Collins aff003;  Hui Jiang aff001;  Jeffrey Molendijk aff001;  Thomas Stoll aff001;  Federico Torta aff007;  Markus R. Wenk aff007;  Robert J. Bird aff003;  Paula Marlton aff003;  Peter Mollee aff003;  Kate A. Markey aff003;  Michelle M. Hill aff001
Působiště autorů: The University of Queensland Diamantina Institute, Faculty of Medicine, University of Queensland, Woolloongabba, Brisbane, Australia aff001;  QIMR Berghofer Medical Research Institute, Herston, Brisbane, Australia aff002;  Princess Alexandra Hospital, Division of Cancer Care Services, Department of Haematology, Woolloongabba, Brisbane, Australia aff003;  Toowoomba Hospital, Cancer Care Services, Toowoomba, Australia aff004;  The University of Queensland Faculty of Medicine, Brisbane, Australia aff005;  SLING, Department of Biochemistry, National University of Singapore, Singapore aff006;  Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY, United States of America aff007
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 15(1)
Kategorie: Research Article
prolekare.web.journal.doi_sk: 10.1371/journal.pone.0227455

Souhrn

Background

Multiple myeloma (MM) is a hematological malignancy characterized by the clonal expansion of malignant plasma cells. Though durable remissions are possible, MM is considered incurable, with relapse occurring in almost all patients. There has been limited data reported on the lipid metabolism changes in plasma cells during MM progression. Here, we evaluated the feasibility of concurrent lipidomics and proteomics analyses from patient plasma cells, and report these data on a limited number of patient samples, demonstrating the feasibility of the method, and establishing hypotheses to be evaluated in the future.

Methods

Plasma cells were purified from fresh bone marrow aspirates using CD138 microbeads. Proteins and lipids were extracted using a bi-phasic solvent system with methanol, methyl tert-butyl ether, and water. Untargeted proteomics, untargeted and targeted lipidomics were performed on 7 patient samples using liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry. Two comparisons were conducted: high versus low risk; relapse versus newly diagnosed. Proteins and pathways enriched in the relapsed group was compared to a public transcriptomic dataset from Multiple Myeloma Research Consortium reference collection (n = 222) at gene and pathways level.

Results

From one million purified plasma cells, we were able to extract material and complete untargeted (~6000 and ~3600 features in positive and negative mode respectively) and targeted lipidomics (313 lipids), as well as untargeted proteomics analysis (~4100 reviewed proteins). Comparative analyses revealed limited differences between high and low risk groups (according to the standard clinical criteria), hence we focused on drawing comparisons between the relapsed and newly diagnosed patients. Untargeted and targeted lipidomics indicated significant down-regulation of phosphatidylcholines (PCs) in relapsed MM. Although there was limited overlap of the differential proteins/transcripts, 76 significantly enriched pathways in relapsed MM were common between proteomics and transcriptomics data. Further evaluation of transcriptomics data for lipid metabolism network revealed enriched correlation of PC, ceramide, cardiolipin, arachidonic acid and cholesterol metabolism pathways to be exclusively correlated among relapsed but not in newly-diagnosed patients.

Conclusions

This study establishes the feasibility and workflow to conduct integrated lipidomics and proteomics analyses on patient-derived plasma cells. Potential lipid metabolism changes associated with MM relapse warrant further investigation.

Klíčová slova:

Lipid analysis – Lipid metabolism – Lipids – Multiple myeloma – Plasma cells – Proteomic databases – Proteomics – Transcriptome analysis


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