Human-raptor conflict in rural settlements of Colombia


Autoři: Juan Sebastián Restrepo-Cardona aff001;  María Ángela Echeverry-Galvis aff001;  Diana Lucia Maya aff003;  Félix Hernán Vargas aff002;  Omar Tapasco aff004;  Luis Miguel Renjifo aff003
Působiště autorů: Programa de Maestría en Conservación y Uso de Biodiversidad, Facultad de Estudios Ambientales y Rurales, Pontificia Universidad Javeriana, Bogotá, Colombia aff001;  The Peregrine Fund, Boise, ID, United States of America aff002;  Departamento de Ecología y Territorio, Facultad de Estudios Ambientales y Rurales, Pontificia Universidad Javeriana, Bogotá, Colombia aff003;  Departamento de Matemáticas, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad de Caldas, Manizales, Colombia aff004
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 15(1)
Kategorie: Research Article
prolekare.web.journal.doi_sk: 10.1371/journal.pone.0227704

Souhrn

In human-transformed landscapes, predators may feed on domesticated animals, and thus affect human well-being, creating negative perceptions and leading to conflict with people that can result in the persecution of the predator. We studied the factors that influence the perception of the Black-and-chestnut Eagle (Spizaetus isidori) in four rural Andean communities in Colombia and compiled historical and recent evidence on the persecution and other causes of mortality of this species in the country. We applied 267 questionnaires and conducted 16 interviews with local inhabitants, via visits to homes and schools in the surroundings of S. isidori nests. The perception of S. isidori by the inhabitants was largely negative and influenced by different socio-demographic factors such as gender, chicken (Gallus gallus) ownership, and chicken management. The records we obtained indicate that 47 eagles were shot, 16 were captured (three for illegal trafficking) and two were electrocuted on high-tension wires. The persecution of S. isidori occurs as retaliation or as a preventative measure against chicken predation, and is a significant cause of mortality of this species in Colombia. Effective conservation planning for S. isidori in Colombia needs to go further than the protected areas system, and include a socioecological perspective in conservation practices applied at landscapes scales that are dominated by people. Education programs and socioecological research, along with participatory work in local communities are key to the conservation of S. isidori in breeding territories. This approach can also prevent conflict over food resources—G. gallus and other poultry—that are shared by humans and S. isidori in rural landscapes.

Klíčová slova:

Colombia – Conservation science – Eagles – Ecosystems – Chicken models – Chickens – Predation – Schools


Zdroje

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