Deliver on Your Own: Disrespectful Maternity Care in rural Kenya


Autoři: Adelaide M. Lusambili aff001;  Violet Naanyu aff001;  Terrance J. Wade aff002;  Lindsay Mossman aff003;  Michaela Mantel aff001;  Rachel Pell aff003;  Angela Ngetich aff004;  Kennedy Mulama aff004;  Lucy Nyaga aff001;  Jerim Obure aff001;  Marleen Temmerman aff001
Působiště autorů: Centre for Excellence in Women and Child Health, Aga Khan University, Nairobi, East Africa, Kenya aff001;  Department of Health Sciences, Brock University, St Catharines, Ontario, Canada aff002;  Aga Khan Foundation, Canada Ottawa, ON, Canada aff003;  Aga Khan Foundation, East Africa, Nairobi, Kenya aff004
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 15(1)
Kategorie: Research Article
prolekare.web.journal.doi_sk: 10.1371/journal.pone.0214836

Souhrn

Background

Under the Free Maternity Policy (FMP), Kenya has witnessed an increase in health facility deliveries rather than home deliveries with Traditional Birth Attendants (TBA) resulting in improved maternal and neonatal outcomes. Despite these gains, maternal and infant mortality and morbidity rates in Kenya remain unacceptably high indicating that more needs to be done.

Aim

Using data from the Access to Quality Care through Extending and Strengthening Health Systems (AQCESS) project’s qualitative gender assessment, this paper examines women’s experience of disrespectful care during pregnancy, labour, and delivery. The goal is to promote an improved understanding of the actual care conditions to inform the development of interventions that can lift the standard of care, increase maternity facility use, and improve health outcomes for both women and newborns.

Methodology

We conducted sixteen focus group discussions (FGDs), two each for adolescent females, adult females, adult males, and community health committee members. As well, twenty-four key Informants interviews (KII) were also conducted including religious leaders, and persons from local government representatives, Ministry of Health (MOH), and local women’s organizations. Data were captured through audio recordings and reflective field notes.

Research site

Kisii and Kilifi Counties in Kenya.

Findings

Findings show nursing and medical care during labour and delivery were at times disrespectful, humiliating, uncompassionate, neglectful, or abusive. In both counties, male health workers were preferred by women giving birth, as they were perceived as more friendly and sensitive. Adolescent females were more likely to report abuse during maternity care while women with disabled children reported being stigmatized. Structural barriers related to transportation and available resources at facilities associated with disrespectful care were identified.

Conclusions

A focus on quality and compassionate care as well as more facility resources will lead to increased, successful, and sustainable use of facility care. Interpreting these results within a systems perspective, Kenya needs to implement, enforce, and monitor quality of care guidelines for pregnancy and delivery including respectful maternity care of pregnant women. To ensure these procedures are enforced, measurable benchmarks for maternity care need to be established, and hospitals need to be regularly monitored to ensure these benchmarks are achieved.

Klíčová slova:

Adolescents – Allied health care professionals – Health care facilities – Health care policy – Kenya – Labor and delivery – Nurses – Pregnancy


Zdroje

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