Educators’ perceptions of organisational readiness for implementation of a pre-adolescent transdisciplinary school health intervention for inter-generational outcomes


Autoři: Keshni Arthur aff001;  Nicola Christofides aff001;  Gill Nelson aff001
Působiště autorů: School of Public Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa aff001;  UCL Institute for Global Health, University College London, London, United Kingdom aff002
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 15(1)
Kategorie: Research Article
prolekare.web.journal.doi_sk: 10.1371/journal.pone.0227519

Souhrn

Organisational readiness is an implementation pre-requisite to gain its members' appropriate and committed use of the intervention. Implementation climate and organisational readiness for implementing change were evaluated conjointly to assess organisational readiness for an obesity and HIV health intervention that imparts health information directly to Grade 6 learners, and indirectly to their parents/caregivers in their home environment. The study objectives were to assess the level of organisational readiness at schools and to identify organisational factors (facilitators, barriers and contextual factors). A mixed-methods approach collected data from five public schools in Gauteng, South Africa. Forty-six educators and school management answered a self-administered questionnaire and contributed to a focus group discussion at each school. Mean scores with standard deviations, or median scores with interquartile ranges, were calculated to determine levels of organisational readiness. Qualitative data were transcribed and analysed thematically. The overall implementation climate and organisational readiness for implementing change median scores were acceptable, at 3.6 (IQR 3.2–4.1) and 4.3 (IQR 3.8–4.9), respectively. Results indicated that educators collectively valued the change highly enough to commit to its implementation, and that the motivation for the intervention, associated goals and objectives, the realisation for change, and the benefits thereof were well-comprehended by educators. Thirteen barriers and 13 facilitators were identified. The perceived degree of fit between the significance and values attached to the intervention by educators, and how these would be received by the target group (parents and learners) was also beneficial. Key barriers and facilitators indicated that the intervention needed to be a fit with existing workflows and educational systems. Contextual factors such as intervention appropriateness and acceptability as well as sensitivity to HIV were identified. These findings suggested proactive improvements to further improve the intervention and its implementation strategy.

Klíčová slova:

Education – Educational attainment – Health education and awareness – Human learning – Children – Learning – Schools – Teachers


Zdroje

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