The effects of sport expertise and shot results on basketball players’ action anticipation

Autoři: Yawei Li aff001;  Tian Feng aff002
Působiště autorů: Department of Sports, Physical Education College of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, China aff001;  Department of Social Sports, Physical Education College of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, China aff002
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 15(1)
Kategorie: Research Article
prolekare.web.journal.doi_sk: 10.1371/journal.pone.0227521


The purpose of the present cross-sectional study was to clarify the effects of sport expertise and shot results on the action anticipation of basketball players. Eighty-eight male subjects participated in this study, namely, 30 collegiate basketball players, 28 recreational basketball players and 30 non-athletes. Each participant performed a shot anticipation task in which he watched the shooting phase, rising phase, high point and falling phase of a free throw and predicted the fate of the ball. The results showed that the collegiate players and recreational players demonstrated higher accuracy than the non-athletes for the falling phase but not for the other temporal conditions. Analysis of the shot results demonstrated that for made shots, the collegiate players and recreational players provided more accurate predictions than the non-athletes. These results suggested that the experienced players required a sufficient amount of information to be able to make accurate judgements and demonstrated that the experts’ judgement bias for made shots was independent of the temporal condition.

Klíčová slova:

Analysis of variance – Cross-sectional studies – Games – Human performance – Knee joints – Signal detection theory – Sports – Wrist


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