Genetic predisposition to celiac disease in Kazakhstan: Potential impact on the clinical practice in Central Asia


Autoři: Dimitri Poddighe aff001;  Aida Turganbekova aff002;  Dana Baymukasheva aff002;  Zhazira Saduakas aff002;  Zhuldyz Zhanzakova aff002;  Saniya Abdrakhmanova aff002
Působiště autorů: Department of Medicine, Nazarbayev University School of Medicine, Nur-Sultan City, Kazakhstan aff001;  RSE on REM «Research and Production Center of Transfusion», Ministry of Health of the Republic of Kazakhstan, Nur-Sultan City, Kazakhstan aff002
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 15(1)
Kategorie: Research Article
prolekare.web.journal.doi_sk: 10.1371/journal.pone.0226546

Souhrn

Background

Celiac disease (CD) is a systemic immune-mediated disorder developing in HLA genetically predisposed individuals carrying HLA-DQ2 and/or HLA-DQ8 molecules. Recent evidences supported a predominant importance of HLA-DQB1 locus and, in particular, HLA-DQB1*02 alleles. This diagnosis is poorly considered in Kazakhstan, because of the assumption that CD is not prevalent in this population.

Objective

To demonstrate that the genetic predisposition to CD in Kazakhstan is not negligible and is actually comparable to Western populations.

Methods

Through the analysis of HLA-DQ genotypes of healthy bone marrow donors from Kazakhstan’s national registry, we estimated the HLA-related genetic predisposition to CD in the country.

Results

We demonstrated that the frequency of CD-related HLA-DQB1 alleles and, as a consequence, of predisposed individuals to CD in Kazakhstan is significant and comparable to countries with the highest disease prevalence.

Conclusion

Considering the dietary style in Kazakhstan, including wheat as a staple food, these results provided a preliminary background of knowledge to expect a significant CD prevalence in Kazakhstan and Central Asia by implementing appropriate and cost-effective diagnostic strategies.

Klíčová slova:

Asia – Bone marrow – Diagnostic medicine – Epidemiology – Genetic loci – Genetic predisposition – Wheat – Kazakhstan


Zdroje

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2020 Číslo 1

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