Activating Transcription Factor 6 Is Necessary and Sufficient for Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease in Zebrafish


Fatty liver disease (steatosis) is the most common liver disease worldwide and is commonly caused by obesity, type 2 diabetes, or alcohol abuse. All of these conditions are associated with impaired hepatocyte protein secretion, resulting in hypoproteinemia that contributes to the systemic complications of these diseases. The unfolded protein response (UPR) is activated in response to stress in the protein secretory pathway and a wealth of data indicates that UPR activation can contribute to steatosis, but the mechanistic basis for this relationship is poorly understood. We identify activating transcription factor 6 (Atf6), one of three UPR sensors, as necessary and sufficient for steatosis and show that Atf6 activation can promote lipogenesis, providing a direct connection between the stress response and lipid metabolism. Blocking Atf6 in zebrafish larvae prevents alcohol-induced steatosis and Atf6 overexpression in zebrafish hepatocytes induces genes that drive lipogenesis, increases lipid production and causes steatosis. Fatty acid synthase (fasn) is a key lipogenic enzyme and we show that fasn is required for fatty liver in response to both ethanol and Atf6 overexpression. Our findings point to Atf6 as a potential therapeutic target for fatty liver disease.


Vyšlo v časopise: Activating Transcription Factor 6 Is Necessary and Sufficient for Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease in Zebrafish. PLoS Genet 10(5): e32767. doi:10.1371/journal.pgen.1004335
Kategorie: Research Article
prolekare.web.journal.doi_sk: 10.1371/journal.pgen.1004335

Souhrn

Fatty liver disease (steatosis) is the most common liver disease worldwide and is commonly caused by obesity, type 2 diabetes, or alcohol abuse. All of these conditions are associated with impaired hepatocyte protein secretion, resulting in hypoproteinemia that contributes to the systemic complications of these diseases. The unfolded protein response (UPR) is activated in response to stress in the protein secretory pathway and a wealth of data indicates that UPR activation can contribute to steatosis, but the mechanistic basis for this relationship is poorly understood. We identify activating transcription factor 6 (Atf6), one of three UPR sensors, as necessary and sufficient for steatosis and show that Atf6 activation can promote lipogenesis, providing a direct connection between the stress response and lipid metabolism. Blocking Atf6 in zebrafish larvae prevents alcohol-induced steatosis and Atf6 overexpression in zebrafish hepatocytes induces genes that drive lipogenesis, increases lipid production and causes steatosis. Fatty acid synthase (fasn) is a key lipogenic enzyme and we show that fasn is required for fatty liver in response to both ethanol and Atf6 overexpression. Our findings point to Atf6 as a potential therapeutic target for fatty liver disease.


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