Characterization of Transcriptional Responses to Different Aphid Species Reveals Genes that Contribute to Host Susceptibility and Non-host Resistance


Aphids are phloem-feeding insects that cause feeding damage and transmit plant viruses to many crops. While most aphid species are restricted to one or few host plants, some aphids can infest a wide range of plant species. These insects spend a considerable time on non-hosts, where they probe the leaf tissue and secrete saliva, but for unknown reasons are unable to ingest phloem sap. This suggests that aphids interact with non-host plants at the molecular level, but potentially do not suppress plant defences and/or promote the release of nutrients. We compared gene expression of plants during host and non-host interactions with aphids to identify genes involved in immunity. We found significant overlap in the plant responses to aphids regardless of the type of interaction. Despite this, we identified a set of genes specifically affected during host or non-host interactions with specific aphid species. In addition, we showed that several of these genes contribute to host and/or non-host immunity. These findings are important, as they advance our understanding of the plant cellular processes involved in host and non-host responses against insect pests. Understanding mechanisms of host and non-host resistance to plant parasites is essential for development of novel control strategies.


Vyšlo v časopise: Characterization of Transcriptional Responses to Different Aphid Species Reveals Genes that Contribute to Host Susceptibility and Non-host Resistance. PLoS Pathog 11(5): e32767. doi:10.1371/journal.ppat.1004918
Kategorie: Research Article
prolekare.web.journal.doi_sk: 10.1371/journal.ppat.1004918

Souhrn

Aphids are phloem-feeding insects that cause feeding damage and transmit plant viruses to many crops. While most aphid species are restricted to one or few host plants, some aphids can infest a wide range of plant species. These insects spend a considerable time on non-hosts, where they probe the leaf tissue and secrete saliva, but for unknown reasons are unable to ingest phloem sap. This suggests that aphids interact with non-host plants at the molecular level, but potentially do not suppress plant defences and/or promote the release of nutrients. We compared gene expression of plants during host and non-host interactions with aphids to identify genes involved in immunity. We found significant overlap in the plant responses to aphids regardless of the type of interaction. Despite this, we identified a set of genes specifically affected during host or non-host interactions with specific aphid species. In addition, we showed that several of these genes contribute to host and/or non-host immunity. These findings are important, as they advance our understanding of the plant cellular processes involved in host and non-host responses against insect pests. Understanding mechanisms of host and non-host resistance to plant parasites is essential for development of novel control strategies.


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