The Enteropathogenic Effector EspF Targets and Disrupts the Nucleolus by a Process Regulated by Mitochondrial Dysfunction


The nucleolus is a multifunctional structure within the nucleus of eukaryotic cells and is the primary site of ribosome biogenesis. Almost all viruses target and disrupt the nucleolus—a feature exclusive to this pathogen group. Here, using a combination of bio-imaging, genetic and biochemical analyses, we demonstrate that the enteropathogenic E. coli (EPEC) effector protein EspF specifically targets the nucleolus and disrupts a subset of nucleolar factors. Driven by a defined N-terminal nucleolar targeting domain, EspF causes the complete loss from the nucleolus of nucleolin, the most abundant nucleolar protein. We also show that other bacterial species disrupt the nucleolus, dependent on their ability to deliver effector proteins into the host cell. Moreover, we uncover a novel regulatory mechanism whereby nucleolar targeting by EspF is strictly controlled by EPEC's manipulation of host mitochondria. Collectively, this work reveals that the nucleolus may be a common feature of bacterial pathogenesis and demonstrates that a bacterial pathogen has evolved a highly sophisticated mechanism to enable spatio-temporal control over its virulence proteins.


Vyšlo v časopise: The Enteropathogenic Effector EspF Targets and Disrupts the Nucleolus by a Process Regulated by Mitochondrial Dysfunction. PLoS Pathog 6(6): e32767. doi:10.1371/journal.ppat.1000961
Kategorie: Research Article
prolekare.web.journal.doi_sk: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.ppat.1000961

Souhrn

The nucleolus is a multifunctional structure within the nucleus of eukaryotic cells and is the primary site of ribosome biogenesis. Almost all viruses target and disrupt the nucleolus—a feature exclusive to this pathogen group. Here, using a combination of bio-imaging, genetic and biochemical analyses, we demonstrate that the enteropathogenic E. coli (EPEC) effector protein EspF specifically targets the nucleolus and disrupts a subset of nucleolar factors. Driven by a defined N-terminal nucleolar targeting domain, EspF causes the complete loss from the nucleolus of nucleolin, the most abundant nucleolar protein. We also show that other bacterial species disrupt the nucleolus, dependent on their ability to deliver effector proteins into the host cell. Moreover, we uncover a novel regulatory mechanism whereby nucleolar targeting by EspF is strictly controlled by EPEC's manipulation of host mitochondria. Collectively, this work reveals that the nucleolus may be a common feature of bacterial pathogenesis and demonstrates that a bacterial pathogen has evolved a highly sophisticated mechanism to enable spatio-temporal control over its virulence proteins.


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Štítky
Hygiena a epidemiológia Infekčné lekárstvo Laboratórium

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