A Tick Gut Protein with Fibronectin III Domains Aids Congregation to the Gut during Transmission


Lyme borreliosis, the most common vector-borne illness in Northeastern parts of USA, is caused by Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato spirochetes, and transmitted by the Ixodes scapularis ticks. Currently there is no vaccine available to prevent Lyme borreliosis. A better understanding of tick proteins that interact with Borrelia to facilitate spirochete transmission could identify new targets for the development of a tick-based vaccine to prevent Lyme borreliosis. Spirochete growth and exit from the gut is central to transmission, and might involve intimate interactions between the spirochete and the tick gut. We therefore performed a global screen to identify Borrelia-interacting tick gut proteins. One of the four Borrelia-interacting tick proteins, referred to as Ixofin3D, was further characterized. RNA-interference-mediated down-regulation of Ixofin3D resulted in decreased spirochete numbers in the salivary glands and consequently decreased transmission to the host during tick feeding. We demonstrate that Ixofin3D aids spirochete congregation to the gut epithelium, a critical first step that might direct spirochete exit from the gut.


Vyšlo v časopise: A Tick Gut Protein with Fibronectin III Domains Aids Congregation to the Gut during Transmission. PLoS Pathog 10(8): e32767. doi:10.1371/journal.ppat.1004278
Kategorie: Research Article
prolekare.web.journal.doi_sk: 10.1371/journal.ppat.1004278

Souhrn

Lyme borreliosis, the most common vector-borne illness in Northeastern parts of USA, is caused by Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato spirochetes, and transmitted by the Ixodes scapularis ticks. Currently there is no vaccine available to prevent Lyme borreliosis. A better understanding of tick proteins that interact with Borrelia to facilitate spirochete transmission could identify new targets for the development of a tick-based vaccine to prevent Lyme borreliosis. Spirochete growth and exit from the gut is central to transmission, and might involve intimate interactions between the spirochete and the tick gut. We therefore performed a global screen to identify Borrelia-interacting tick gut proteins. One of the four Borrelia-interacting tick proteins, referred to as Ixofin3D, was further characterized. RNA-interference-mediated down-regulation of Ixofin3D resulted in decreased spirochete numbers in the salivary glands and consequently decreased transmission to the host during tick feeding. We demonstrate that Ixofin3D aids spirochete congregation to the gut epithelium, a critical first step that might direct spirochete exit from the gut.


Zdroje

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Štítky
Hygiena a epidemiológia Infekčné lekárstvo Laboratórium

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PLOS Pathogens


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