A Unique SUMO-2-Interacting Motif within LANA Is Essential for KSHV Latency


Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) stabilizes hypoxia-inducible factor α (HIF-1α) during latent infection, and HIF-1α reactivates lytic replication under hypoxic stress. However, the mechanism utilized by KSHV to block lytic reactivation with the accumulation of HIF-1α in latency remains unclear. Here, we report that LANA encoded by KSHV contains a unique SUMO-interacting motif (LANASIM) which is specific for interaction with SUMO-2 and facilitates LANA SUMOylation at lysine 1140. Proteomic and co-immunoprecipitation analysis further reveal that the SUMO-2 modified transcription repressor KAP1 is a critical factor recruited by LANASIM. Deletion of LANASIM led to functional loss of both LANA-mediated viral episome maintenance and lytic gene silencing. Moreover, hypoxia reduced KAP1 SUMOylation and resulted in dissociation of both KAP1 and Sin3A repressors from LANASIM-associated complex. Therefore, the LANASIM motif plays an essential role in KSHV latency and is a potential drug target against KSHV-associated cancers.


Vyšlo v časopise: A Unique SUMO-2-Interacting Motif within LANA Is Essential for KSHV Latency. PLoS Pathog 9(11): e32767. doi:10.1371/journal.ppat.1003750
Kategorie: Research Article
prolekare.web.journal.doi_sk: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.ppat.1003750

Souhrn

Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) stabilizes hypoxia-inducible factor α (HIF-1α) during latent infection, and HIF-1α reactivates lytic replication under hypoxic stress. However, the mechanism utilized by KSHV to block lytic reactivation with the accumulation of HIF-1α in latency remains unclear. Here, we report that LANA encoded by KSHV contains a unique SUMO-interacting motif (LANASIM) which is specific for interaction with SUMO-2 and facilitates LANA SUMOylation at lysine 1140. Proteomic and co-immunoprecipitation analysis further reveal that the SUMO-2 modified transcription repressor KAP1 is a critical factor recruited by LANASIM. Deletion of LANASIM led to functional loss of both LANA-mediated viral episome maintenance and lytic gene silencing. Moreover, hypoxia reduced KAP1 SUMOylation and resulted in dissociation of both KAP1 and Sin3A repressors from LANASIM-associated complex. Therefore, the LANASIM motif plays an essential role in KSHV latency and is a potential drug target against KSHV-associated cancers.


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Hygiena a epidemiológia Infekčné lekárstvo Laboratórium

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