A Successful Failure: Missing the MDG4 Target for Under-Five Mortality in South Africa

Reflecting on under-five mortality, Peter Byass and colleagues consider how some countries may fail to meet millennium development goal targets despite making considerable advances.

Vyšlo v časopise: A Successful Failure: Missing the MDG4 Target for Under-Five Mortality in South Africa. PLoS Med 12(12): e32767. doi:10.1371/journal.pmed.1001926
Kategorie: Essay
prolekare.web.journal.doi_sk: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1001926


Reflecting on under-five mortality, Peter Byass and colleagues consider how some countries may fail to meet millennium development goal targets despite making considerable advances.


1. You D, Hug L, Ejdemyr S, Idele P, Hogan D, Mathers C et al. Global, regional, and national levels and trends in under-5 mortality between 1990 and 2015, with scenario-based projections to 2030: a systematic analysis by the UN Inter-agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation. Lancet 2015; 386:2275–2286. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(15)00120-8

2. UNICEF and WHO. Fulfilling the Health Agenda for Women and Children: the 2014 Report. http://www.countdown2015mnch.org/documents/2014Report/The2014report/Countdown_The_2014_Report_final.pdf (accessed 14 July 2015)

3. United Nations. Goal 3: Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages. United Nations, New York; 2015. http://www.un.org/sustainabledevelopment/health/ (accessed 29 Sept 2015)

4. UNICEF. Child Mortality Estimates. Estimates generated by the UN Inter-agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation (IGME) in 2014. http://data.unicef.org (accessed 7 May 2015)

5. Joubert J, Bradshaw D, Kabudula C, Rao C, Kahn K, Mee P et al. Record-linkage comparison of verbal autopsy and routine civil registration death certification in rural north-east South Africa: 2006–09. International Journal of Epidemiology 2014; 43:1945–58. doi: 10.1093/ije/dyu156

6. Byass P. The imperfect world of global health estimates. PLoS Medicine 2010; 7:e1001006. doi: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1001006 21152416

7. Kahn K, Collinson MA, Gómez-Olivé FX, Mokoena O, Twine R, Mee P et al. Profile: Agincourt health and socio-demographic surveillance system. International Journal of Epidemiology 2012; 41:988–1001. 22933647

8. Leitao J, Chandramohan D, Byass P, Jakob R, Bundhamcharoen K, Choprapawon C et al. Revising the WHO verbal autopsy instrument to facilitate routine cause-of-death monitoring. Global Health Action 2013; 6:21518. doi: 10.3402/gha.v6i0.21518 24041439

9. Byass P, Chandramohan D, Clark SJ, D'Ambruoso L, Fottrell E, Graham WJ et al. Strengthening standardised interpretation of verbal autopsy data: the new InterVA-4 tool. Global Health Action. 2012; 5:19281. doi: 10.3402/gha.v5i0.19281 22944365

10. Sankoh O, Byass P. The INDEPTH Network: filling vital gaps in global epidemiology. International Journal of Epidemiology 2012; 41:579–588. doi: 10.1093/ije/dys081 22798690

11. Kabudula CW, Tollman S, Mee P, Ngobeni S, Silaule B, Gómez-Olivé FX et al. Two decades of mortality change in rural northeast South Africa. Global Health Action 2014; 7:25596. doi: 10.3402/gha.v7.25596 25377343

12. Streatfield PK, Khan WA, Bhuiya A, Alam N, Sié A, Soura AB et al. Cause-specific mortality in Africa and Asia: evidence from INDEPTH Health and Demographic Surveillance System sites. Global Health Action 2014; 7:25362. doi: 10.3402/gha.v7.25362 25377324

13. Theodoratou E, McAllister DA, Reed C, Adeloye DO, Rudan I, Muhe LM et al. Global, regional and national estimates of pneumonia burden in HIV-infected children in 2010: a meta-analysis and modelling study. Lancet Infectious Diseases 2014; 14:1250–8. doi: 10.1016/S1473-3099(14)70990-9 25455992

14. Grinsztein B, Hosseinipour MC, Ribaudo HJ, Swindells S, Eron J, Chen YQ et al. Effects of early versus delayed initiation of antiretroviral treatment on clinical outcomes of HIV-1 infection: results from the phase 3 HPTN 052 randomised controlled trial. Lancet Infectious Diseases 2014; 14:281–90. doi: 10.1016/S1473-3099(13)70692-3 24602844

15. Doherty TM, McCoy D, Donohue S. Health system constraints to optimal coverage of the prevention of mother-to-child HIV transmission programme in South Africa: lessons from the implementation of the national pilot programme. African Health Sciences 2005; 5:213–8. 16245991

16. Chola L, Pillay Y, Barron P, Tugendhaft A, Kerber K, Hofman K. Cost and impact of scaling up interventions to save lives of mothers and children: taking South Africa closer to MDGs 4 and 5. Global Health Action 2015; 8:27265. doi: 10.3402/gha.v8.27265 25906769

17. Ottersen OP, Dasgupta J, Blouin C, Buss P, Chongsivivatwong V, Frenk J et al. The political origins of health inequity: prospects for change. Lancet 2014; 383:630–67. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(13)62407-1 24524782

18. Coovadia H, Jewkes R, Barron P, Sanders D, McIntyre D. The health and health system of South Africa: historical roots of current public health challenges. Lancet 2009; 374:817–34. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(09)60951-X 19709728

19. Sankoh O, Byass P. Time for civil registration with verbal autopsy. Lancet Global Health 2014; 2:e693–e694. doi: 10.1016/S2214-109X(14)70340-7 25433624

Interné lekárstvo

Článok vyšiel v časopise

PLOS Medicine

2015 Číslo 12
Najčítanejšie tento týždeň
Najčítanejšie v tomto čísle
Zabudnuté heslo

Nemáte účet?  Registrujte sa

Zabudnuté heslo

Zadajte e-mailovú adresu, s ktorou ste vytvárali účet. Budú Vám na ňu zasielané informácie k nastaveniu nového hesla.


Nemáte účet?  Registrujte sa