Association between temperature, sunlight hours and alcohol consumption


Autoři: Hannes Hagström aff001;  Linnea Widman aff003;  Erik von Seth aff001
Působiště autorů: Division of Hepatology, Department of Upper GI, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden aff001;  Clinical Epidemiology Unit, Department of Medicine, Solna, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden aff002;  Unit of Biostatistics, Department of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden aff003
Vyšlo v časopise: PLoS ONE 14(9)
Kategorie: Research Article
prolekare.web.journal.doi_sk: 10.1371/journal.pone.0223312

Souhrn

Background

Alcohol is a major risk factor for liver cirrhosis. Recently, it was proposed that colder climate might causally lead to increased consumption of alcohol.

Methods

We performed an ecologic study, using monthly updated data on mean temperature, sunlight hours and alcohol consumption from ten regions in Sweden, using publicly available data. A generalised additive model, adjusted for region, was applied to examine the association between mean temperature and mean sunlight hours with mean alcohol consumption.

Results

We found a non-linear inverse association between mean monthly temperature and mean alcohol consumption, suggesting that warmer temperature was associated with increased alcohol consumption and colder temperature with a decreased consumption. We found no association between mean sunlight hours and alcohol consumption. Consumption was highest during public holidays.

Conclusions

We found no association between a colder climate and increased alcohol consumption. Socio-economic factors are likely to explain the suggested association.

Klíčová slova:

Alcohol consumption – Cirrhosis – Europe – Seasons – Summer – Sweden – Sunlight – Open data


Zdroje

1. Ventura-Cots M, Watts AE, Cruz-Lemini M, Shah ND, Ndugga N, McCann P, et al. Colder weather and fewer sunlight hours increase alcohol consumption and alcoholic cirrhosis worldwide. Hepatology (Baltimore, Md). 2018. Epub 2018/10/17. doi: 10.1002/hep.30315 30324707.

2. Jepsen P, Grainge MJ. Don't blame it on the sunshine, don't blame it on the moonlight, don't blame it on good times, blame it on the sociocultural factors. Hepatology. 2019. Epub 2019/02/07. doi: 10.1002/hep.30547 30723926.

3. Global status report on alcohol and health 2018. Geneva: World Health Organization, 2018.

4. Wood SN. Stable and Efficient Multiple Smoothing Parameter Estimation for Generalized Additive Models AU—Wood, Simon N. Journal of the American Statistical Association. 2004;99(467):673–86. doi: 10.1198/016214504000000980


Článok vyšiel v časopise

PLOS One


2019 Číslo 9

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